Micro-Macro Dynamics


Micro-Macro Dynamics The micro-macro dynamic describes a complex interaction between the micro and macro levels to a system. In every system there will be a degree of interdependence between the elements - by the standard definition of a system being a set of interdependent parts - this creates a dynamic where individual elements that form [...]

Micro-Macro Dynamics 2018-06-19T20:20:11+00:00

Hierarchy & Heterarchy


Hierarchy & Heterarchy The terms hierarchy and heterarchy describe two distinct and basic organizational principles. A hierarchy is a structured arrangement of systems forming a perceived vertical pattern where smaller, more specific parts are nested within larger more generic systems. A heterarchy defines a more informal pattern of organization where member elements may be without [...]

Hierarchy & Heterarchy 2018-06-19T20:19:38+00:00

Integrative Levels


Integrative Levels An integrative level is a pattern of organization emerging on pre-existing phenomena of a lower level. Typical examples include life emerging out of non-living substances, and consciousness emerging out of the nervous system. As components combine to produce larger functional wholes in hierarchical series, new properties emerge, and one cannot explain all of [...]

Integrative Levels 2018-06-19T20:19:22+00:00



Autopoiesis The term autopoiesis derives from the word auto- meaning "self" and poiesis, meaning "creation or production". The term is used to describe a system's capacity to regenerate or recreate itself. A system may be considered autopoietic if the parts to the organization interact with each other in such a manner that they are continuously [...]

Autopoiesis 2018-06-19T20:20:26+00:00

Emergent Types


Strong & Weak Emergence Emergence describes how new higher level properties, patterns and functionality form as we put component parts and systems together. Emergence is a pervasive phenomenon in our world exhibited by virtually all types of complex entities, such as plants, animals, human societies, cultures, and economies. It is apparent that new levels of [...]

Emergent Types 2018-06-19T20:20:40+00:00

Pattern Formation


Pattern Formation A pattern is any set of correlations between the states of elements within a system. Pattern formation refers to the process through which a coherent set of associations between element's states is formed and persists over some period. A primary question we are interested in when studying any pattern is the question of how [...]

Pattern Formation 2018-06-19T20:20:51+00:00



Patterns A pattern defines some form of correlation between the states of elements within a system. All systems show some form of pattern, either in space between their parts, or over time within some process and these patterns can be understood as the product of some form of correlation between the constituent element's states. A [...]

Patterns 2018-06-19T20:21:01+00:00

Synergy Types


Positive & Negative Synergies A synergy is a nonlinear relationship between two or more elements whereby they generate a combined outcome that is more or less than the sum of their parts taken separately, due to their capacity to work together or against each other. The idea of a synergy is one of the core [...]

Synergy Types 2018-06-19T20:21:10+00:00



Synergies A synergy is an interaction or coordination between two or more elements or organizations to produce a combined effect greater - or less - than the sum of their separate effects.View Source A synergy is a particular type of interaction between parts; it is a nonlinear interaction where the specific way the parts [...]

Synergies 2018-06-19T20:21:46+00:00