Cellular Automaton

2018-06-19T21:00:48+00:00

Cellular Automaton Cellular automata are algorithmic models that use computation to iterate on very simple rules. In so doing, these very simple rules can create complex emergent phenomena through the interaction between agents as they evolve over time. To illustrate the functioning of a cellular automaton, we will take an example from probably the most [...]

Cellular Automaton 2018-06-19T21:00:48+00:00

Feedback & Externalities

2018-06-19T21:01:04+00:00

Feedback & Externalities A feedback loop defines a relationship of interdependency between two or more components where the change in state of one element affects that of another, with this effect then, in turn, feeding back to alter the source element. This dynamic captured by feedback loops plays a fundamental role in the self-organization of [...]

Feedback & Externalities 2018-06-19T21:01:04+00:00

Cooperation & Competition

2018-06-23T08:34:30+00:00

Cooperation & Competition A core premise of complexity theory is that global patterns in complex systems emerge out of the synchronization between the states of elements on the local level.View Source Whereas the terms synchronization or desynchronization are generic to any type of system when we are dealing with elements that have agency, that [...]

Cooperation & Competition 2018-06-23T08:34:30+00:00

Evolution

2018-06-23T08:32:24+00:00

Evolution Evolution is a process of adaptation that operates on the macro-level of a system. Adaptation is the capacity to generate a response to some change within the environment. Evolution is this same process but operating on the macro scale, i.e. on the level of a population of agents.View Source Here again, it is [...]

Evolution 2018-06-23T08:32:24+00:00

Robustness & Resilience

2018-06-23T08:32:06+00:00

Robustness & Resilience Resilience is the capacity of a system to maintain functionality in the face of some alteration within the system's environment.View Source All systems exist within an environment and are, to a certain extent, dependent upon a specific range of input values from that environment. The system has a set of parameters to [...]

Robustness & Resilience 2018-06-23T08:32:06+00:00

Self-Organization Far-From-Equilibrium

2018-06-23T08:31:46+00:00

Self-Organization Far-From-Equilibrium Far-from-equilibrium self-organization is a hypothesis that describes the process of self-organization as taking place at a critical phase transition space between order and chaos when the system is far from its equilibrium.View Source  The essence of the theory of far-from-equilibrium pattern formation is that new forms of organization form when a system is [...]

Self-Organization Far-From-Equilibrium 2018-06-23T08:31:46+00:00

Self-Organization & Thermodynamics

2018-06-23T08:31:25+00:00

Self-Organization & Thermodynamics Self-organization can be defined as the spontaneous creation of a globally coherent pattern out of local interactions.View Source As such self-organization explores a new approach to understanding the patterns of organization seen in the world around us. Probably the oldest and most fundamental question there is to ask in science is, [...]

Self-Organization & Thermodynamics 2018-06-23T08:31:25+00:00

Fitness Landscapes

2018-06-23T08:31:02+00:00

Fitness Landscapes A fitness landscape - also called an adaptive landscape - is a model that comes from biology where it is used to describe the “fitness” of a creature, or more specifically genotypes within a particular environment.View Source The better suited the creature to that environment the higher its elevation on this fitness [...]

Fitness Landscapes 2018-06-23T08:31:02+00:00