Systems Differentiation


Integration and Differentiation Systems integration and differentiation describes a dynamic interplay between the whole of a system and it parts Integration and differentiation represent two different stages during the evolution of a system. Differentiation is the process whereby an integrated system becomes divided up into more specialized, well-defined parts. Integration is the process whereby [...]

Process Thinking


Process Thinking Many phenomena, such as a biological system, can be equally well defined with reference to the processes of change that they are going through as to their current static structure Process thinking or dynamic thinking is a way of interpreting events in terms of processes of change that create them. It [...]

Paradigm Shift


Paradigm Shift The term paradigm shift puts a greater emphasis on the subjective dimension to a scientific domain, looking at how its basic assumptions and accepted rules change through a nonlinear process of scientific revolution The term paradigm describes a set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitute a way of viewing the [...]

Nonlinear Causality


Nonlinear Causality Nonlinear causality describes how a cause can feedback on itself with the resulting outcome being a product of the interaction between two or more things, rather than one simply causing the other in a linear fashion Nonlinear causality is a form of causation where cause and effect can flow in a [...]

Linear Causality


Linear Causality Newton's cradle, named after Sir Isaac Newton, is an icon of linear causation with one event leading directly to the next in a linear, deterministic fashion Linear causality is a conception of causation as following a single, linear direction, i.e. event A causes effect B, while B has no demonstrable effect on A. [...]



Causality The impression of cause and effect is one of the most fundamental patterns that conditions our interpretation of the world Causality describes a relationship that exists between two or more things where a change in one thing - or set of things - causes a change in another.View Source The essence [...]



Synthesis Synthetic reasoning involves combining disparate ideas to create a more abstract whole that integrates their divergent characteristics The word synthesis comes from the Greek word meaning "to put together."View Source Synthesis is a process of reasoning whereby we put disparate parts together to gain an understanding of the whole. Synthesis can [...]



Analysis Analysis is a process of inquiry that breaks things apart to understand their internal structure and components Analysis is a method of inquiry that proceeds by breaking a system down into its elementary parts, studying those parts in isolation and then forming a description of the whole system in terms of its [...]

Holism & Reductionism


Holism and Reductionism Holism and reductionism offer two very different accounts of the world one focused on the parts the other on the whole Holism and reductionism represent two paradigms or worldviews within science and philosophy that provide fundamentally different accounts as how to best view, interpret and reason about a given phenomenon. [...]

Systems Awareness


Systems Thinking Awareness Systems thinking places a strong emphasis on the subjective dimension to human thought and action, holding self-awareness as a prerequisite to achieving effective results Systems thinking is, in its most generalized sense, a way of seeing the world. Before anything it places great emphasis on the question of how do [...]