This book is an accessible introduction to the application of complexity theory to the social sciences. The book will be primarily focused on the domain of sociology, but we will touch upon elements of psychology, anthropology, political science, and economics. The aim of the book is to introduce you to the variety of models from complex systems and illustrate how they apply to these different domains.
This book is a first of its kind and somewhat experimental in nature, where we will be drawing upon research from many different areas and using complexity theory to contextualize it into a coherent paradigm, giving us a fresh perspective with which to interpret some of the core questions within the social sciences. The content is organized into four underlying parts, in each part, we will apply one of the major modeling frameworks from complexity theory to interpreting social phenomena. We will firstly give an overview of this area of social complexity before starting our first part on systems theory. As we lay down a basic model of a social system, we will go on to use this model in helping us understand, social structure and institutions. Next, we will take an overview of nonlinear social science, as we discuss the process of self-organization, feedback loops, chaos theory and self- organized criticality. The third part of the book is dedicated to social network analysis, we will cover the main topics in this new area as we talk about the basics of social graphs, clustering, network structure and the process of diffusion. Finally, we will be looking through the lens of complex adaptive systems theory, exploring the model of a fitness landscape, talking about adaptive capacity, social resilience and the process of evolution.
This book is designed to be accessible to a broad audience but will be of particular interest to researchers and students within the various social sciences wishing to apply complexity theory within their own work. Some background in social theory and complexity theory would be an advantage but not a prerequisite.