The term ecology can be literally translated to mean the “study of the household of nature”. Ecology is the study of ecosystems, which are macro-scale systems of interacting biotic and abiotic elements. As such it is an interdisciplinary science that sits at the intersection of the physical and biological sciences including elements of biology, geography and Earth science.¬†Ecology is a relatively young science then that has formed out of biology but more specifically botany and population dynamics.