This video presents the ideas of emergence, phase transitions, and strong vs. weak emergence. According to Wikipedia, emergence is conceived as a process whereby larger entities, patterns, and regularities arise through interactions among smaller or simpler entities that
In this module, we will be discussing how dynamic systems regulate themselves within their environment. Many types of systems require both a continuous input of resources from their environment and the capacity to export entropy back to the environment
In this video, we look at the ideas of system hierarchy and abstraction. We can only get so far by talking about systems on one level of analysis as the reality of the world we live in is of cause vastly more complex, in that systems exist on many different levels.
Whether we are talking about a car, political system or a farm we are often interested in answering the question how well does it work, that is to say what is the ratio between the resources that the system takes in and those that it outputs, in the language of system theory this is called the system efficiency. Whether we are talking about a car, political system or a farm we are ofte
In this module we start to talk about one of the key elements to our model of a system that is functions, functions are an important concept within many domains from mathematics to engineering and computation but systems theory abstracts away from t
In this video, we start to give an outline to what we mean by the concept of a system when we contrast it with what we call sets. The concept of a system is defined as a set of things that work together to perform some collective function this is in contrast t