Systems Theory Articles 2018-02-11T12:32:06+00:00

# Systems Theory Articles

## #Entropy

Entropy is a measurement of the number of degrees of freedom a system has. When the entropy goes up it requires more information to describe the state of the system and it would require work to...

Newtonian Paradigm The Newtonian paradigm, also called the clockwork universe, is the scientific paradigm that supports modern science being characterized by its materialistic and atomistic...

Systems Paradigm A paradigm is a standard, perspective, or set of ideas that form a worldview underlying the theories and methodology of a particular domain. The systems paradigm, is then a...

## Integration

Integration Integration means the bringing together or connecting of things. It is the act of combining or adding parts to make a unified whole. As such it can be defined as the opposite from...

## Interdependence

Interdependence Interdependence is one of the central concepts within systems theory in that most definitions for a system involve the idea of interdependency between a set of parts. Indeed the...

Relational Paradigm Relational thinking is a way of seeing the world that places greater precedence on the relations or connections between entities rather than simply looking at those entities...

## Systems Differentiation

Integration and Differentiation Integration and differentiation represent two different stages during the evolution of a system. Differentiation is the process whereby an integrated system...

## Process Thinking

Process Thinking Process thinking or dynamic thinking is a way of interpreting events in terms of processes of change that create them. It focuses on the nonlinear dynamics of change over time...

Paradigm Shift The term paradigm describes a set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitute a way of viewing the world for the community that shares them, especially in an...

## Nonlinear Causality

Nonlinear Causality Nonlinear causality is a form of causation where cause and effect can flow in a bidirectional fashion between two or more elements or systems. The essential characteristic of...

## Linear Causality

Linear Causality Linear causality is a conception of causation as following a single, linear direction, i.e. event A causes effect B, while B has no demonstrable effect on A. This unidirectional...

## Causality

Causality Causality describes a relationship that exists between two or more things where a change in one thing – or set of things – causes a change in another. The essence of...

## Formal Models

Models A model is an abstract, typically compact, representation of some phenomena that enables us to conceptualize and communicate its basic structure and dynamics in a coherent form. A central...

## Abstraction

Abstraction Abstraction is the process of considering something independently of its associations or attributes. The use of abstraction involves removing successive layers of detail from a...

## Instantiation

Instantiation Instantiation is the process of transforming an abstraction into a concrete example. An abstraction is any entity that exists independently of context or specific attributes. The...

## Synthesis

Synthesis The word synthesis comes from the Greek word meaning “to put together.” Synthesis is a process of reasoning whereby we put disparate parts together to gain an understanding...

## Encapsulation

Encapsulation Encapsulation means to cover or surround something in order to show or express the main idea or quality of it in a concise fashion. Encapsulation is a central part of modeling and...

## Analysis

Analysis Analysis is a method of inquiry that proceeds by breaking a system down into its elementary parts, studying those parts in isolation and then forming a description of the whole system in...

## Holism & Reductionism

Holism and Reductionism Holism and reductionism represent two paradigms or worldviews within science and philosophy that provide fundamentally different accounts as how to best view, interpret...

## Conceptual System

Conceptual System A system is a set of interdependent parts that perform some function as a whole. A conceptual system is then a set of concepts, relations between those concepts, and the logic...

## Conceptual Framework

Conceptual Framework A conceptual framework may be defined as a network or a plan of interrelated concepts that together provide a comprehensive understanding to some phenomena or domain of...

## Systems Awareness

Systems Thinking Awareness Systems thinking is, in its most generalized sense, a way of seeing the world. Before anything it places great emphasis on the question of how do we see the world, that...

## Reductionism & Synthesis

Reductionism is a process of reasoning used to describe things by breaking them down into their constituent components, analyzing the properties of these components in isolation and then...