Systems Theory Articles 2018-02-11T12:32:06+00:00

# Systems Theory Articles

Newtonian Paradigm The Newtonian paradigm, also called the clockwork universe, is the scientific paradigm that supports modern science being characterized by its materialistic and atomistic...

Systems Paradigm A paradigm is a standard, perspective, or set of ideas that form a worldview underlying the theories and methodology of a particular domain. The systems paradigm, is then a...

## Integration

Integration Integration means the bringing together or connecting of things. It is the act of combining or adding parts to make a unified whole. As such it can be defined as the opposite from...

## Interdependence

Interdependence Interdependence is one of the central concepts within systems theory in that most definitions for a system involve the idea of interdependency between a set of parts. Indeed the...

Relational Paradigm Relational thinking is a way of seeing the world that places greater precedence on the relations or connections between entities rather than simply looking at those entities...

## Systems Differentiation

Integration and Differentiation Integration and differentiation represent two different stages during the evolution of a system. Differentiation is the process whereby an integrated system...

## Process Thinking

Process Thinking Process thinking or dynamic thinking is a way of interpreting events in terms of processes of change that create them. It focuses on the nonlinear dynamics of change over time...

Paradigm Shift The term paradigm describes a set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitute a way of viewing the world for the community that shares them, especially in an...

## Nonlinear Causality

Nonlinear Causality Nonlinear causality is a form of causation where cause and effect can flow in a bidirectional fashion between two or more elements or systems. The essential characteristic of...

## Linear Causality

Linear Causality Linear causality is a conception of causation as following a single, linear direction, i.e. event A causes effect B, while B has no demonstrable effect on A. This unidirectional...

## Causality

Causality Causality describes a relationship that exists between two or more things where a change in one thing – or set of things – causes a change in another. The essence of...

## Formal Models

Models A model is an abstract, typically compact, representation of some phenomena that enables us to conceptualize and communicate its basic structure and dynamics in a coherent form. A central...

## Abstraction

Abstraction Abstraction is the process of considering something independently of its associations or attributes. The use of abstraction involves removing successive layers of detail from a...

## Instantiation

Instantiation Instantiation is the process of transforming an abstraction into a concrete example. An abstraction is any entity that exists independently of context or specific attributes. The...

## Synthesis

Synthesis The word synthesis comes from the Greek word meaning “to put together.” Synthesis is a process of reasoning whereby we put disparate parts together to gain an understanding...

## Encapsulation

Encapsulation Encapsulation means to cover or surround something in order to show or express the main idea or quality of it in a concise fashion. Encapsulation is a central part of modeling and...

## Analysis

Analysis Analysis is a method of inquiry that proceeds by breaking a system down into its elementary parts, studying those parts in isolation and then forming a description of the whole system in...

## Holism & Reductionism

Holism and Reductionism Holism and reductionism represent two paradigms or worldviews within science and philosophy that provide fundamentally different accounts as how to best view, interpret...

## Conceptual System

Conceptual System A system is a set of interdependent parts that perform some function as a whole. A conceptual system is then a set of concepts, relations between those concepts, and the logic...

## Conceptual Framework

Conceptual Framework A conceptual framework may be defined as a network or a plan of interrelated concepts that together provide a comprehensive understanding to some phenomena or domain of...

## Systems Awareness

Systems Thinking Awareness Systems thinking is, in its most generalized sense, a way of seeing the world. Before anything it places great emphasis on the question of how do we see the world, that...

## Reductionism & Synthesis

Reductionism is a process of reasoning used to describe things by breaking them down into their constituent components, analyzing the properties of these components in isolation and then...